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Vocals

Vocals in Indian Classical are based around the different traditions of Indian Classical Music.

Lets learn more about this wonderful tradition of Indian Classical Music.

Origins of Indian Classical Music

Indian Classical Vocal PerformanceThe origins of Indian Classical Music can be found in the Vedas, which are the oldest scriptures in the Hindu tradition. One of the four Vedas, called the Samaveda, describes music in great detail. The Samaveda is derived from the Rigveda, so that the hymns from the Rigveda could be sung properly. Eventually, this evolved into the creation of Ragas (which means color or hue, but also beauty, harmony and melody). Indian Classical Music has also be very highly influenced by Indian folk music and Persian music.

Technical Aspects of Indian Classical Music

Indian classical music divides the octave into 12 semitones. In ascending tonal order, the seven basic notes are: Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni and Sa. However, Indian Classical Music uses intonation tuning, and is monophonic in nature which is played over a fixed drone. Typically a performance is based on a particular Raga and Tal. The different Ragas are supposed to be sung or played at a particular time of the day or season. It is said that the Raga is the most effective when sung or performed in such a manner.

Indian Classical Music Schools

  • Hindustani Classical Music (originally from North India)
  • Carnatic Music (originally from South India)

Vocal Gharanas

  • Gwalior Gharana
  • Kirana Gharana
  • Jaipur-Atrauli Gharana
  • Rampur – Sheheswan Gharana
  • Benaras Gharana
  • Agra Gharana

Indian Classical Music Terminology

  • Raga: The melody used in Indian Classical Music. It is a series of five or more Swaras upon which a melody is made.
  • Swaras: These are the tones that make up Ragas.
  • Audava: A raga with five Swaras.
  • Shaadava: A raga with six Swaras.
  • Sampurna: A raga with seven Swaras.
  • Shuddha: This means Pure. It defines the nature of a note.
  • Komal: This means Soft. It defines the nature of a note.
  • Tivra: This means Sharp. It defines the nature of a note.

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